Nicoletta Francovich Onesti Latin (and Greek) Interference in Late Gothic. Personal Names and other Linguistic Evidence from sixth Century Italy 1. Gothic Names from Italy The total number of Late-Gothic personal names recorded in sixth-century written sources from Ostrogothic and post-Ostrogothic Italy amounts to a quite considerable corpus of about three hundred names. Most of these were transmitted through Latin or Greek texts, such as Cassiodorus’ letters and chronicle, Jordanes’ history, Procopius’ Gothic War, Ennodius’ works, and also legal transactions, epitaphs and other inscriptions, and many other minor sources.1 In two instances, Gothic names were also written down in the Gothic language by five members of the Arian clergy of Ravenna: this is the case of the so-called „documents of Naples and Arezzo“, two bilingual papyri of the mid-sixth century containing original Gothic subscriptions with autograph sig¬ natures intermingled with the Latin text.2 Very seldom do the sources allow us to know about family relationships and the genealogy of people bearing Gothic names. In some cases however we do get to know the office or status of such persons, and in the Ostrogothic kingdom there were positions that were typically held by Goths and their associates, such as military service, ad¬ ministrative supervisors, aristocratic comités, Arian clergy, court nobility and high standing functionaries, and such police-like officials as the saiones.3 Generally speaking, Arian believers can also be expected to be of Gothic 1 The personal names here mentioned are recorded in the following historical sources: Italian 6th-century papyri (ed. Tjader and Marini); inscriptions published in CIL, 1LCV, Rugo, Fiebiger, Mastrelli, Bierbrauer and Donati-Susini. Latin authors: Orosius’ Historiae, Cassiodorus’ Variae and Chronica, Jordanes’ Getica, Anonymus Valesianus, Marcellinus Comes, Gregory of Tours’ Historia Francorum, Flodoard of Reims; Epistolae of pope Gelasius and Pelagius I, Epistolae of Avitus of Vienne, Ennodius’ Epistolae and Panegyricum, Gregory the Great’s Epistolae and Dialogi; Continuatio Havniensis. Greek historians: Proco¬ pius' Bellum Gothicum, Malalas’ Chronographia, John of Antiochia’s Chronicle. According to the edition of Jan-Olof Tjader (1954-1982), the two legal deeds were written down in Faenza in 538 (Tjader f8, the so-called „Arezzo deed“) and in Ravenna in 551 (Tjader P34, „Naples deed“). Their previous edition was by G. Marini (1805) and the first linguistic study by H.F. Massmann (1838); cp. P. Scardigli 1973. About their Gothic names see also H. Penzl 1977 and N. Francovich Onesti 2005. 1 Amory 1997, p, 348. 45