Full text: Sprachenpolitik in Grenzregionen

Wolfgang Haubrichs 
THE WAR OF PROFESSORS. 
Argumentation in the domain of language history and language politics 
DURING THE CONTENTION FOR ALSACE-LORRAINE BETWEEN 1871 AND 1918 
The Franco-German war of 1870/71, which ended with the cession of the Alsace and German- 
speaking Lorraine, was not only a war of armies, but also by scholars of both participating 
nations, particularly by geographers, economists, theologians and historians. During this sharp 
and piercing dispute many scholars withdrew and joined the intellectual mainstream of their 
nation. In doing so they affirmed increasing antagonism between Germany and France in the 
next few decades, which gained its most irréconciliable expression in the myth of the „inherited 
enemies“ („Erbfeinde“). The study focuses on arguments extracted from the History of 
Language as a supposed nationbuilding force and from the concept of ,VolkstunT (nationalité, 
race). 
Johannes Kramer 
„TWO AND A HALF LINGUALISM“ (CASE STUDIES ON CORSICA, CURASAO, THE SEYCHELLES, 
the GrOden valley and Luxemburg) 
The author analyzes a special kind of trilingualism that could be called ,,two-and-a-half- 
lingualism“ (asymmetrical trilingualism). Language A enjoying the highest prestige and having 
to be acquired at school is opposed to two quite different varieties of a second language B that is 
not closely related to A: the non-regional variety Bi exists in a standardised form with a rich 
tradition whereas the regional variety B2 is still in the first phase of „Ausbau“. Five examples of 
this linguistic situation are given: French (A), Italian (B1) and Corsican (B2) in Corsica, Dutch 
(A), Spanish (B1) and Papiamentu (B2) in Cura9ao, English (A), French (B i) and Seychellois 
(B2) in the Seychelles, German (A), Italian (B1) and Ladin (B2) in the Groden Valley, French 
(A), German (Bj) and Letzebuergesch (B2) in Luxemburg. 
Marek Lazihski 
Language policy in Poland towards the German minority 
The author describes the present situation of the German minority in Upper Silesia and outlines 
the development of the official policy of the Polish government towards them.The problem is 
analysed mainly on the basis of data provided by the Polish Ministry of Culture, the only 
government institution dealing with minority problems, but some German sources are also 
included. In spite of some new conflicts described in the paper the author finds some evidence 
that the situation is improving, especially in the field of public education. 
Roland Marti 
Language policy in the border areas of the Slavic linguistic continuum 
Historically, language policy in the Slavic linguistic continuum may be divided into three 
periods: prehistory and „emancipation“ of the Slavic standard languages; language policy based 
on the concept of a linguistically homogeneous state (the state determines the language); national 
408
	        

Note to user

Dear user,

In response to current developments in the web technology used by the Goobi viewer, the software no longer supports your browser.

Please use one of the following browsers to display this page correctly.

Thank you.