Full text: Interferenz-Onomastik

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Summary 
Remarks on Scandinavian Personal Names in the North of 
England 
The extent and intensity of Scandinavian settlement in England in the period 
between the ninth and eleventh century has long been the subject of passionate 
debate. The place-name evidence has been subject to thorough and detailed in¬ 
vestigation, but rather less has been done with personal name evidence. In the 
present paper, the personal nomenclature of three texts has undergone scruti¬ 
ny. The texts are: a) the mid-eleventh-century list of sureties entered on folio 
161V of the York Gospels; b) the twelfth-century part of the Durham Liber 
Vitae', c) a Latin charter of 1142/1143 disposing of property in York. The first 
text is written in Old English and shows some normalization of Scandinavian 
names, e.g., with the use of -cetel (< ON -ketill) instead of the expected -kil, 
and the Scandinavianization of English names, e.g., Wulstain for OE 
Wulfstan. The second text complex, the twelfth-century part of the Durham 
Liber Vitae is much more heterogeneous. We find Anglo-Scandinavian forms, 
such as Osgod < ON Asgautr or Thuruerd < ODan *T>urfripR, but also typi¬ 
cally Danish forms, such as zEskyl, Eskil < ODan Eskil. Noteworthy are forms 
retaining the Scandinavian nominative ending in -r, such as Anander, 
Onander for ON Anundr and Thorleuer for ON Porleifr, which is a feature not 
normally encountered in England. The form Onander shows West Norwe- 
gian/Icelandic «-mutation, while the form Theorbeorn (< ODan Thorbiorn) 
shows the specifically Danish development of Thor- > Thor-. Both these 
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